An Indo-European language and a member of the South Slavonic group, spoken by c. 2 million speakers mainly in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, where it is the official language, as well as in the neighbouring parts of Greece, Bulgaria and Albania. There are sizeable émigré communities in Australia, Canada and the USA. The closest linguistic affiliation is with Bulgarian and, to a much lesser degree, Serbo-Croat.

The literary language dates from the early 19th century. The language is spoken in three main regional dialects (Northern, Southeastern and Western). The dialects of the West Central area, largest in size and population and most distinct from both Serbo-Croat and Bulgarian, with elements from the dialect of Skopje, the Macedonian capital, are taken as the basis of Modern Standard Macedonian, codified in the 1940s. Macedonian is spelt in the Cyrillic alphabet, consisting of 31 characters. The orthography of the language is based on the phonemic principle.

Macedonian is a highly inflected language with a rich nominal and verbal morphology. However, unlike other Slavonic languages, the case system has been almost entirely lost.

CLASSIFICATION = Indo-European family, SCRIPT = Cyrillic
Macedonian : a course for beginning and intermediate students MAC CBEG 1
Anglisko-makedonski, makedonski-angliski recnik : so izgovor i gramatika = English-Macedonian, Macedonian-English dictionary MAC DICO 1