An Indo-European language and a member of the Indo-Iranian group of languages (Western Iranian branch), spoken by c. 10 million people mainly in Kurdistan, a cultural region in southwestern Asia, encompassing sections of southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, western Iran, Armenia, and northeastern Syria.
The earliest texts date from the 13th century. Modern Kurdish is spoken in many dialects and there is no recognized standard form. The main dialects are Sorani (Iraq and Iran) and Kurmanji (Turkey, Armenia and Syria). The language is also spelt in a variety of scripts - Arabic, Cyrillic, and to a lesser extent Roman and Armenian.
CLASSIFICATION = Indo-European family, SCRIPT = Roman and Armenian