An Afro-Asiatic language and a member of the Semitic group, spoken by approx. 5 million speakers in Israel, where it is the official language, and, with varying levels of fluency, by some 10 million Jews all over the world; Modern Israeli Hebrew is also known as Ivrit.

The earliest attested period is Classical or Biblical Hebrew, best known as the language of the Old Testament, spanning from c. 12th to the 2nd century BC. The language was spoken throughout ancient Palestine until about the 3rd century BC, when it gave way to Aramaic, but continued to be the liturgical and literary language of Judaism. Mishnaic Hebrew is a later form of the language, represented by the collection of rabbinical literature, the most prominent of which is the Mishnah, a collection of Hebrew treatises on Jewish law, written in the 1st century AD. Medieval Hebrew continued to be in use in religion and scholarship between the 6th and 13th centuries.

Modern Hebrew, revived as a spoken language in the 19th century, was declared the official language of Israel in 1948. The vocabulary of the language is largely based on Biblical Hebrew and the syntax on Mishnaic Hebrew. The language is written from right to left and uses the Hebrew alphabet, consisting of 22 characters. It is derived from the Aramaic script, based on the Phoenician prototype. There are two varieties of orthography: xaser, observed in literary style, and male, used in conversational style and also in the press.

CLASSIFICATION = Afro-Asiatic family, SCRIPT = Hebrew alphabet

Biblical Hebrew

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English lexicon : with an appendix containing the Biblical Aramaic ... HE(BIB) DICO 1
Langenscheidt's pocket Hebrew dictionary to the Old Testament : Hebrew - English HE(BIB) DICO 2
Biblical Hebrew : an introductory grammar HE(BIB) GRAM 1
Introduction to Biblical Hebrew HE(BIB) GRAM 2
A Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew HE(BIB) GRAM 3
Writing Skills
Classical Hebrew composition HE(BIB) WSKILS 1


Choveret le' machilim HE CBEG 10
Complete Modern Hebrew HE CBEG 5(PACK)
Colloquial Hebrew : the complete course for beginners HE CBEG 6(PACK)
Essential Hebrew : living language HE CBEG 9(PACK)
Hebrew : a self-study audio-video cassette course (Hebrew so simple!) HE CBEG 4(PACK)
Ivrit me-alef ad tav 1 -- 4th ed. HE CBEG 8(PACK)
'Ivrit min ha-hathala : ha-hadash : helek aleph = Hebrew from scratch : Part l HE CBEG 7(PACK)
Modern Hebrew for beginners: a multimedia program for students at the beginning and intermediate levels HE CBEG 1
The Routledge introductory course in modern Hebrew HE CBEG 2
Welcome! to Hebrew HE CBEG 3(PACK)
Hebrew : a language course level 2 HE CINT 4
Intermediate Hebrew : living language HE CINT 3(PACK)
'Ivrit min ha-hathala : ha-hadash : helek bet = Hebrew from scratch : Part ll HE CINT 2(PACK)
Modern Hebrew for intermediate students : a multimedia program HE CINT 1
Advanced Hebrew : living language HE CADV 1(PACK)
ʻIvrit be-he ha-yediʻah : havanat ha-niḳra, havaʻah, taḥbir ṿe-haʻashrah simanṭit le-ramah 5 HE CADV 2(PACK)


English-Hebrew dictionary and Hebrew-English dictionary of contemporary Israeli Hebrew HE DICO 2
Hippocrene practical English-Hebrew, Hebrew-English conversational dictionary : romanized HE DICO 5
Oxford English-Hebrew, Hebrew-English dictionary HE DICO 4
Pocket bilingual dictionary English-Hebrew Hebrew-English : completely transliterated HE DICO 3
The Usborne first thousand words in Hebrew : with easy pronunciation guide HE DICO 1


The 50 year's war : Israel and the Arabs HE DOCU 4:1-3(DVD)
Aharon Appelfeld in Cambridge - a testimony HE DOCU 11:1(DVD)
Aharon Appelfeld with Clive Sinclair HE DOCU 11:3(V)*
Avraham B. Yehoshua in conversation with Clive Sinclair HE DOCU 11:2(DVD)
Bibi's world HE DOCU 10(DVD)
Film education :
the holocaust on film : part one
the holocaust on film : part two

Going home... HE DOCU 7(DVD)
Israel's generals : Ariel Sharon (Storyville series) HE DOCU 12:3(DVD)
Israel's generals : Itzhak Rabin (Storyville series) HE DOCU 12:2(DVD)
Israel's generals : Moshe Dayan (Storyville series) HE DOCU 12:1(DVD)
Out for love .., be back shortly HE DOCU 9(DVD)
See under : peace HE DOCU 2(DVD)
Shalom cinema! À la fin d'un rêve : Les 50 ans d'Israël FR DOCU 54(DVD)
The South Bank show Amos Oz
Imagine... Amos Oz
The state of Israel HE DOCU 8(DVD)
Tsahal : Part 1
Tsahal : part 2
The voyage of Exodus HE DOCU 6(DVD)


Adama meshuga'at HE FILM 35(DVD)*
ha-asonot shel Ninah HE FILM 32(DVD)*
Atash HE FILM 23(DVD)*
Beaufort HE FILM 1(DVD)*
Bikur ha-tizmoret
Bikur ha-tizmoret
HE FILM 39:1(DVD)*
HE FILM 39:2(DVD)*
Children of the sun HE FILM 38(DVD)*
Cup Final HE FILM 4(DVD)*
Eretz hadasha HE FILM 7(DVD)
Esh tzolevet HE FILM 9(DVD)
Etz ha-domim tafus HE FILM 29(DVD)*
Etz limon HE FILM 40(DVD)*
Eyes wide open HE FILM 13(DVD)*
Forgiveness HE FILM 36(DVD)*
Free Zone HE FILM 20(DVD)*
The gatekeepers HE FILM 3(DVD)*
Giv'at Halfon Eina Ona HE FILM 16(DVD)*
ha-Hesder HE FILM 10(DVD)
Hufshat kayits (My father my lord) HE FILM 6(DVD)
In between HE FILM 42(DVD)*
Kadosh HE FILM 8(DVD)*
ha-Kala ha-surith HE FILM 21(DVD)*
Karov la bayit HE FILM 34(DVD)*
ha-Kayits shel Aviyah HE FILM 18(DVD)*
Kelarah ha-kedoshah HE FILM 27(DVD)*
Kippur HE FILM 19(DVD)*
Knafayim shvuorot HE FILM 11(DVD)*
Lalekhet ál ha-mayim HE FILM 28(DVD)*
Lemarit ain HE FILM 26(DVD)*
ha-Mahtzeva HE FILM 17(DVD)*
Medurat ha-shevet HE FILM 24(DVD)*
Metallic blues HE FILM 23(DVD)*
Mishehu la-rutz ito HE FILM 30(DVD)*
Next to her HE FILM 30(DVD)*
Noodle HE FILM 41(DVD)*
Sallah HE FILM 15(DVD)*
Sh'chur HE FILM 14(DVD)
Sof ha-olam semolah HE FILM 25(DVD)*
Srugim : Season 1 HE FILM 5:1-3(DVD)*
Unholy land? No place like home HE FILM 39(DVD)
ha-ushpizin HE FILM 33(DVD)*
Va, vis et deviens HE FILM 31(DVD)*
Waltz with Bashir HE FILM 2(DVD)*


501 Hebrew verbs HE GRAM 1
Chick-Chack! : a gateway to modern Hebrew grammar HE GRAM 2
The grammar of Modern Hebrew HE GRAM 3
Hebrew level 1 HE GRAM 6
Modern Hebrew : an essential grammar - 2nd ed. HE GRAM 4
Modern Hebrew : an essential grammar : answers to exercises HE GRAM 4a
A reference grammar of Modern Hebrew HE GRAM 5

Listening & Reading

Listening - Factual
Listening to Hebrew : a conversation with the writer David Grossman HE LFACT 1(PACK)
Listening Skills
Daily life in Israel : listening and viewing comprehension : student workbook HE LSKILLS 1(PACK)
Daily life in Israel : listening and viewing comprehension : teacher guide book HE LSKILLS 1a(PACK)
Reading - Factual
Short stories to learn Hebrew HE RFACT 1(PACK)
Reading Skills
English Hebrew by subject : topic dictionary for learning & reference - 3rd ed. HE RSKILLS 2(PACK)
Graded reader of Biblical Hebrew : a guide to reading the Hebrew Bible HE RSKILLS 4
Learning to read Hebrew HE RSKILLS 1(CD-ROM)
Learn to read Modern Hebrew in 5 days HE RSKILLS 3


The Hebrew alphabet : a mystical journey HE REF 2
A history of the Hebrew language HE REF 1

Speaking, Vocabulary & Writing Skills

Speak Hebrew for real : primer HE SSKILLS 1
Speak Hebrew for real : beginner HE SSKILLS 2
Speak Hebrew for real : intermediate 1 HE SSKILLS 3
Speak Hebrew for real : intermediate 2 HE SSKILLS 4
English Hebrew by subject : topic dictionary for learning & reference - 3rd ed. HE VOCAB 1(PACK)
English Hebrew by subject : Topic dictionary for learning & reference HE VOCAB 3(PACK)
Hilarious Hebrew HE VOCAB 4
Writing Skills
Learn to write the Hebrew script : aleph through the looking glass HE WSKILLS 1