An Eskimo-Aleut language and a member of the Inuit (Eastern) branch, spoken by some 50,000 people chiefly in Greenland, where it is the official language, as well as in the adjacent parts of Canada and Alaska, where it is known as Inuktitut or Inupiaq. The closest linguistic affiliation is with the languages of the Yupik (Western) branch, spoken in Siberia.

The language is spoken in three main mutually intelligible dialects: West, East and North Greenlandic. West Greenlandic is also the base of the standard language. Varieties spoken in Canada and Alaska are sometimes considered to be different languages. In Greenland and Alaska the language is spelt in the Roman alphabet, while in Nunavut Territoty in Canada the Inuktitut syllabic script is predominantly used. A standardized dual orthography for both Roman and syllabic scripts was established in the late 1970s by the Inuit Cultural Institute.

Greenlandic is a polysynthetic language. There is an immense number of suffixes that are added to root words which can be many syllables long and complex enough to serve as an entire sentence.


Learn Greenlandic GRE CBEG 1(CD-ROM)
Qaagit : Grønlandsk som fremmedsprog GRE CBEG 2(PACK)
Ultimate Greenlandic GRE CBEG 3
Village at the end of the world GRE FILM 1(DVD)*
Håndbog i gronlandsk grammatik GRE GRAM 1