As one of the few non-Indo-European languages spoken in Europe, Basque is considered to be a language isolate with no known linguistic affiliation. In terms of word formation, it is classified as an agglutinative language. Today it is the official regional language spoken by more than 500,000 speakers in the Basque Country in north-western Spain (Guipuzcoa, Vizcaya, Navarra) and in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques region in south-western France.

As a relic of the prehistoric language spoken in the Iberian Peninsula before the arrival of Indo-European, Basque is one of the oldest documented languages. It has been attested in a fragmentary form from c. 1000 AD onwards, but it was almost certainly spoken in Ancient Aquitania, the region of Gascony, France. Some Latin inscriptions from the Roman period include a number of proper names of Basque origin as well. The first book in Basque was a collection of poems entitled in Latin Linguae Vasconum Primitivae, printed in 1545.

Today the language is spoken in many dialects, Guipuzcoan, Upper Navarran, Biscayan and Avalan being among the most prominent ones. Guipuzcoan is the central and most widely spoken dialect. Basque is spelt in the Roman alphabet and the orthography is based on Spanish and French conventions.

CLASSIFICATION = language isolate , SCRIPT = Roman


Basic-Intermediate courses
Beginner's Basque : with 2 audio CDs BAS CBEG 2(PACK)
Colloquial Basque : the complete course for beginners BAS CBEG 1(PACK)
Metodo facil para aprender Euskara basico : Libro 1 BAS CBEG 3
Ultimate Basque BAS CBEG 4


Basque Language : 101 Basque Verbs BAS CBEG 4

Films and documentaries

Loreak BAS FILM 1(DVD)*
Euskal Pilota BAS DOCU 1(DVD)*

Reading - Factual

Euskaren Berripapera 1993-1994 BAS RFACT 1
Euskaren Berripapera 1993-1994 BAS RFACT 2


The Basque language in education in Spain BAS REF 2
Euskal híríak (A trip to the main Basque cities) BAS REF 2


Basque-English, English-Basque dictionary & phrasebook BAS VOCAB 1